Lunfardo employs humorous tricks such as inverting the syllables within a word vesre.
Today, Lunfardo is mostly heard in tango lyrics;  the slang of the younger generations has been evolving away from it. Buenos Aires was also the first city to host a Mundo Lingo event on 7 July , which have been after replicated in up to 15 cities in 13 countries. According to the Harvard Dictionary of Music , "Argentina has one of the richest art music traditions and perhaps the most active contemporary musical life" in South America.
A contemporary trend is neotango also known as electrotango , with exponents such as Bajofondo and Gotan Project. On 30 September , UNESCO's Intergovernmental Committee of Intangible Heritage declared tango part of the world's cultural heritage, making Argentina eligible to receive financial assistance in safeguarding tango for future generations.
The city hosts several music festivals every year. The popularity of local cinema in the Spanish-speaking world played a key role in the massification of tango music. Carlos Gardel , an iconic figure of tango and Buenos Aires, became an international star by starring in several films during that era. In response to large studio productions, the "Generation of the 60s" appeared, a group of filmmakers that produced the first modernist films in Argentina during that early years of that decade. One of the most notable films of these movement is La hora de los hornos by Fernando Solanas.
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During the period of democracy between and , the local cinema experienced critical and commercial success, with titles including Juan Moreira , La Patagonia rebelde , La Raulito , and La tregua — which became the first Argentine film nominated for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. However, because of censorship and a new military government, Argentine cinema stalled until the return of democracy in the s.
This generation — known as "Argentine Cinema in Liberty and Democracy" — were mostly young or postponed filmmakers, and gained international notoriety. Buenos Aires' inhabitants have been historically characterized as "fashion-conscious". According to Global Language Monitor , as of [update] the city is the 20th leading fashion capital in the world, ranking second in Latin America after Rio de Janeiro.
The neighbourhood of Palermo, particularly the area known as Soho , is where the latest fashion and design trends are presented. Buenos Aires architecture is characterized by its eclectic nature, with elements resembling Paris and Madrid. In , the Basilica del Santisimo Sacramento was opened to the public. Totally built by the generous donation of Mrs. Mercedes Castellanos de Anchorena, Argentina's most prominent family, the church is an excellent example of French neo-classicism.
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The altar is full of marble, and was the biggest ever built in South America at that time. In , the construction of Palacio Barolo began.
This was South America's tallest building at the time, and was the first Argentine skyscraper built with concrete — A ,candela beacon was installed at the top m , making the building visible even from Uruguay. In , the Barolo Palace went under an exhausive restoration, and the beacon was made operational again. In , the Kavanagh building was inaugurated, with metres feet height, 12 elevators provided by Otis and the world's first central air-conditioning system provided by north-American company "Carrier" , is still an architectural landmark in Buenos Aires.
The construction of skyscrapers proliferated in Buenos Aires until the s. Primary education comprise grades 1—7. Most primary schools in the city still adhere to the traditional seven-year primary school, but kids can do grades 1—6 if their high schools lasts 6 years, such as ORT Argentina.
Secondary education in Argentina is called Polimodal "polymodal", that is, having multiple modes , since it allows the student to choose their orientation. Polimodal is usually 3 years of schooling, although some schools have a fourth year. Before entering the first year of polimodal, students choose an orientation, among these five: Humanities and Social Sciences , Economics and Management of Organizations , Art and Design , Health and Sport and Biology and Natural Sciences.
Nevertheless, in Buenos Aires, secondary education consists of 5 years, called from 1st year to 5th year, as opposed to primary education's 1st to 7th grade.
Most schools don't require students to choose their orientation, as they study the basic such as maths, biology, art, history and technology, but there are schools that do, whether they are orientated to a certain profession or they have orientations to choose from when they reach a specific year. Some high schools depend on the University of Buenos Aires , and these require an admission course when students are taking the last year of high school. The last two do have a specific orientation.
In December the Chamber of Deputies of the Argentine Congress passed a new National Education Law restoring the old system of primary followed by secondary education, making secondary education obligatory and a right, and increasing the length of compulsory education to 13 years. The government vowed to put the law in effect gradually, starting in There are many public universities in Argentina, as well as a number of private universities. The University of Buenos Aires , one of the top learning institutions in South America, has produced five Nobel Prize winners and provides taxpayer-funded education for students from all around the globe.
Visitors have many options such as going to a tango show, an estancia in the Province of Buenos Aires , or enjoying the traditional asado. The exchange rate today has hampered tourism and shopping in particular. Notable consumer brands such as Burberry and Louis Vuitton have abandoned the country due to the exchange rate and import restrictions. The most popular tourist sites are found in the historic core of the city, in the Montserrat and San Telmo neighborhoods.
Buenos Aires was conceived around the Plaza de Mayo , the colony's administrative center. To the east of the square is the Casa Rosada , the official seat of the executive branch of the government of Argentina. Other important colonial institutions were Cabildo , to the west, which was renovated during the construction of Avenida de Mayo and Julio A. Lastly, to the northwest, is City Hall.
Buenos Aires has over parks and green spaces, the largest concentration of which are on the city's eastern side in the Puerto Madero, Recoleta, Palermo and Belgrano neighbourhoods. Some of the most important are:. Buenos Aires Botanical Garden. Buenos Aires has over theatres, more than any other city in the world. Buenos Aires has become a recipient of LGBT tourism ,   due to the existence of some gay-friendly sites and the legalising of same-sex marriage on 15 July , making it the first country in Latin America , the second in the Americas , and the tenth in the world to do so.
Its Gender Identity Law , passed in , made Argentina the "only country that allows people to change their gender identities without facing barriers such as hormone therapy , surgery or psychiatric diagnosis that labels them as having an abnormality". In , the World Health Organization cited Argentina as an exemplary country for providing transgender rights.
Despite these legal advances, however, homophobia continues to be a hotly contested social issue in the city and the country. Buenos Aires has various types of accommodations, from luxurious five star to quality budget located in neighborhoods that are further from the city centre, although the transportation system allows easy and inexpensive access to the city.
In all, nearly 27, rooms were available for tourism in Buenos Aires, of which about 12, belonged to four-star, five-star, or boutique hotels. Establishments of a higher category typically enjoy the city's highest occupation rates. The Water Company Palace. This airport handles most international air traffic to and from Argentina as well as some domestic flights.
The Aeroparque Jorge Newbery airport, located in the Palermo district of the city next to the riverbank, serves primarily domestic traffic within Argentina and some regional flights to neighboring South American countries. A smaller San Fernando Airport serves only general aviation.
Buenos Aires is based on a square, rectangular grid pattern, save for natural barriers or the relatively rare developments explicitly designed otherwise notably, the neighbourhood of Parque Chas. The rectangular grid provides for square blocks named manzanas , with a length of roughly metres feet.
Pedestrian zones in the city centre , like Florida Street are partially car-free and always bustling, access provided by bus and the Underground subte Line C. Buenos Aires, for the most part, is a very walkable city and the majority of residents in Buenos Aires use public transport. Two diagonal avenues in the city centre alleviate traffic and provide better access to Plaza de Mayo. Most avenues running into and out of the city centre are one-way and feature six or more lanes, with computer-controlled green waves to speed up traffic outside of peak times.
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In the s and s the General Paz Avenue beltway that surrounds the city along its border with Buenos Aires Province , and the freeways leading to the new international airport and to the northern suburbs, heralded a new era for Buenos Aires traffic. Toll motorways opened in the late s by mayor Osvaldo Cacciatore provided fast access to the city centre and are today used by over a million vehicles daily. Most major avenues are, however, gridlocked at peak hours.